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Unit Trusts And Open Ended Investment Companies Collective Investments

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Unit Trusts and Open Ended Investment Companies Collective Investments

Unit trusts and Open Ended Investment Companies (OEICs) are types of collective investments. In a collective investment, each individual investment is pooled with every other individual investment and then invested as a whole by the manager of the investment.

Different unit trust and OEIC funds invest in different asset classes – shares, bonds, cash and property. Some funds focus on just one asset class, while others invest in two or more. Irrespective of the asset class or classes they invest in, most fund managers will hold a wide spread of investments in their chosen asset class. That is one of the reasons why unit trusts and OEICs are popular with investors spreading investments across a range of businesses can help reduce a funds volatility and the risks for its investors.

Although unit trusts and OEICs are both open-ended investments, where the size of the fund varies according to market supply and demand, there are a number of key differences between the two types of funds.

Investors in unit trusts buy and sell a portion of the total fund in the form of units. The price unit holders initially pay for units (the bid price) is higher than the price they can sell the units for (the offer price): the difference between the two prices is known as the spread. In order for unit holders to make a return on their investment, the closing bid price must always be higher than the opening offer price. An OEIC fund on the other hand, does not trade in units but issues shares to its investors and is therefore an investment company – a less complex entity than a unit trust. Shares in an OEIC have a single price, which is determined by the value of the fund’s underlying investments. All shares in an OEIC are bought and sold at one single price, so theres no bid/offer spread to take into account.

The value of an investment in a unit trust or OEIC will vary according to the total value of the fund, which is determined by the performance of the investments the fund manager makes. Unit trusts and OEICs usually impose an up-front charge and annual management fees, some of which are declared as a percentage of the investment, while others are built into the price.

Learn The Dividend Policy In Financial Management

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Results Plan in Financial Management

Dividends are those incomes which are distributed among stockholders of a company. These incomes are compensated either in money or in stock, usually on a monthly basis and may be compensated only out of maintained income, not from invested investment. Dividends are only compensated when the corporation’s success can assistance this pay out. The more and frequent the corporation’s success, the frequent the transaction of returns. The amount of dividend compensated for each discuss is determined by the corporation’s policy towards them. Organizations are not required lawfully to pay returns, but to keep the traders interested in the company, the control pays out dividend, though the percentage of returns per discuss can differ from season to season, as it is determined by the success of the company.

There are other aspects also which choose the transaction of dividend in the company. These include corporate amount of development, limited covenants, income stability, degree of financial debt and tax aspects.

Dividend Policy
Dividend Plan is essential in dealing with certain aspects such as:
Influences the investors’ decisions: Community which wants to invest in a company will look for two aspects, the success of the company and the overall amount of development of the company. Earnings will determine the corporation’s dividend payout amount and of course amount of development of the company is also an essential aspect. So, a company seeking excellent investor assistance shall have to choose a dividend policy which can keep the traders happy.

Impact on financial program and investment funds of a company: Results policy is one of the aspects impacting a corporation’s financial and investment funds. The income of a company associated with a quarter or a season are usually taken into consideration. These incomes are either saved as maintained income or they can be compensated out. Retained income are excellent source of generating internal financial. A company cannot in many circumstances save 100% of the income or pay out 100% of the income as returns. Many a times, it needs to reach a balance between dividend payout amount and maintained income amount. The rates can be 50: 50, 60:40, 70:30, etc.

A company cannot afford paying out great dividend rates every season. Instead, it can adopt a low dividend payout amount which can be helpful during the years of low income as well.
High dividend amount will affect the income of the company. Companies with poor assets amount cannot pay out dividends because of less option money.
High dividend amount will decrease the stockholders’ value, since returns are compensated from maintained income. The result is higher financial debt to value amount.

Adopting Mobile Cloud Accounting Technology Into The Financial Workplace

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How technology has affected the financial department in organisations?
Theres no doubt that new cloud technology has had an incredible impact on todays workplaces, particularly those who work in, or are involved with the financial aspects of an organisation. Over the last few decades, new and different technology has been injected into the workplace at an ever increasing rate. One of these is the use of the mobile device.

Smart phones, netbooks, iPads and other such tablets detach us from our desks and give us the freedom to roam with our work. Imagine using a cloud-based accounting and finance system. This would allow you to review budgets or produce financial reports from the garden, a taxi, or even on holiday. Having access to your financial data and information, whenever is suitable for you and wherever you are, cant be a bad thing for business.

Managing the accounting and finance function on the go
Most businesses have adopted mobile technology in some way or another, as its hard to ignore the lure of the high mobility and other strengths that come with cloud computing, particularly for accounting and finance professions. Smart phones started this revolution, and they are now an important device for the hard working professional. But now, the tablet device has enhanced our mobile experience even more. Theres more mobility offered than we get with laptops, and the screen is bigger than you get with smart phones, making it all the more easier to view and analyse your financial budgets, reports, expenditure, etc

Tablets enhance user experience
How many times have you been in a finance or board meeting and someone has requested some information that you can only provide once youre back at your desk? Well, with a tablet or any mobile device its right at your fingertips. It can be discussed straightaway, a decision taken and communicated to the business without you leaving your meeting.

With easy access to email, calendar and contacts built in to most devices, the most simple business functions are now easy to get up and running in a few easy steps. Add on many of the freely available apps and you have a fully functioning business tool.

Where next?
All mobile devices are tools that should ultimately enable, not disable business. So if you find a cloud-based accounting and finance system that allows you to work on the go, and allow other people access to the information they need without needing your help, then the way organisations are run can change for the better.

Financial Exploitation The Undetected Abuse To Seniors Part 1

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Undetected or Unreported?

For all types of elder abuse: for every reported case, there are 23.5 unreported cases.

For financial exploitation: for every reported case, there are 43.9 unreported ones.

For neglect cases: for every case undergoing investigation, there 57.2 unreported cases.

The New York State Elder Abuse Prevalence Study was the second-largest study ever conducted on elder abuse and the first one conducted on a statewide scope. Although the studys contents have not yet been released by New York State Office of Children and Family Services, the grim figures above were presented during a recent conference.

Scarier still, is the implication that the incidences of abuse may actually be even higher since the study excluded older persons who were unable to participate in telephone surveys.

Surprisingly, the most commonly reported was emotional abuse, followed by physical abuse; however, financial exploitation seemed to be the most prevalent form of elder mistreatment.

If previously undetected, how do we know if its occurring at all? And what can you do to stop it?

Prevention

Monitor Financial Activity. Look for these things:

Unusual activity based on ability, e.g. ATM use by a physically impaired person
Unexpected new withdrawals in round numbers ($50, $100, $1,000, etc.)
Withdrawals from a savings account or from checking accounts despite of penalties
Increased financial activity on bank statements
Requests to change account beneficiaries or issuance of authorizations
Elder showing signs of confusion related to finances
Property title changes or re-financing reports

Monitor Inheritance and Wills. Watch out for:

Changes in Power of Attorney or Durable Power of Attorney
Will or trust modifications when the elderly is incapable of requesting changes
Requesting will or trust changes that are in favor of a much younger friend

Caregivers should take note of these unusual behaviors:

Avoidance of discussion of financial matters that were once routine
Elderly showing signs of depression
Caregiver says the elderly wants to avoid calls and visits
Caregiver seeming to be overly concerned with financial matters
Caregiver speaking for the elder even when the elder is around
Perform background check if the caregiver has other means of support other than the elders income

Where to Get Support

For more resources related to elder abuse, you can contact the APS Network. You can find the appropriate contact numbers to call by clicking on the Report Abuse button on their website and then choosing your state.

If you require immediate legal assistance, you can contact local attorneys with years of expertise in elder law. For example, in Indianapolis City, you can reach out to Applegate-Harden Law Firm.

Homeowners Can Get Incredibly Flexible Finance!

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There is a combination of a home loan and line of credit that will provide a homeowner with all the finance he needs. Since the duration of home loans are extremely long, flexibility is essential because many things can happen in 30 years. Your needs will change over time and so should your source of financing.

The problem of flexibility of mortgage loans was already solved by a home loan type that adapts to the borrowers needs. However, if the borrower wanted additional cash for some unexpected expenses, there was no solution provided by these loans. Thats why a combination of home loan and home equity line of credit is the best option for ultimate flexibility.

Option Mortgage Loans

The first part of this Loan Combo is the mortgage loan. The idea of these loans is that while for a certain situation a fixed interest rate mortgage loan would be the best option for you, you may have to go through difficult times eventually and you would prefer an interest only mortgage loan then. And perhaps, later your financial situation would improve and you would prefer to take advantage of better market conditions with a variable rate mortgage loan.

Normally you would have to refinance your loan many times over the life of a 30 years home loan in order to do all the above. But Option Mortgage Loans let you choose the set of rules that will apply to your loan each time you pay your mortgage installment. That way, if you go through some hardship you can pay only the interests and postpone the payment of principal. Or if you run into extra income you can choose to pay off your home loan sooner.

Home Equity Line of Credit

A home equity line of credit will complement an Option Mortgage Loan by providing additional finance each time you are in need of cash. So, if you suddenly find yourself in a complicated financial situation, you can not only reduce your monthly payments by changing your mortgage loan to an interest only home loan but you can also get extra cash by withdrawing money from your home equity line of credit.

The home equity line of credit is secured on your home, thus both the mortgage and the line of credit have the same security. A property worth $150,000 can easily provide you with a line of credit of $50,000 if your outstanding mortgage is $100,000. As you can see, its an excellent option for solving your finance issues for many years. You wont need to resort to any other source of finance again.

The main benefit of these lines of credit is that while you repay the money withdrawn, the cash will be available again right away if you need it again. Thus, you wont have to apply for a loan each time you need cash. Moreover, the interest rate charged for these loan products is significantly lower than that of personal loans and credit cards.

Seeking Professional Help for Home Loan Modification

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Everyone who experiences problems with paying their mortgage are advised to seek for professional help and apply for a home loan modification. Once your application is approved by your lender or the bank, you will have the capability to modify your terms in order to make it more favorable for you. This method is said to be the best way to deal with mortgage problems, and is rapidly becoming popular because of its effectiveness.

If you are looking for a home loan modification, you can search the Internet and look for online quotes provided by accredited companies. Using the details that you have provided, you will be sent to financial services who dedicated in helping people like you to ease the burdens of their mortgages. You can also ask the help of a licensed modified loan attorney. He will be asking a few questions regarding your finances, and after careful examinations, he will be giving you advices regarding your application for a home loan modification.

Applications for a modified loan are often times approved, especially if you seek professional help. However, you need to understand that having a professional to help you with your application doesn’t guarantee that you will get a home loan modification. There are several factors that are being considered for an application and you should be aware of these things if you are serious about clearing off your mortgage.

When looking for professional help online, you should always look for testimonials and feedback of previous clients, because this will help you determine whether a particular company is really capable of helping you solve your financial problems. You can also check forums and blogs that are dedicated to this topic; because these websites will help you learn more about this method.

Filing bankruptcy should never be included in your options when you are dealing with your mortgage. Aside from the risk of losing your property, you will also ruin your good credit rating, which will prevent you from taking out loans in the future. There are a lot of methods that you can use, and home loan modification program is one of them.

For detailed facts and essential tips about how you can be approved for a home loan modification, visit this simple, easy to understand loan modification guide and resource:

Tips To Start A Loan Modification Business – Start Within Days

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Get ready to be a part of the most booming industry in today’s economy. As a loan modification consultant you can start making thousands of dollar while helping home owners lower their mortgage payment and save their homes. You can start from home or from your office with little or no investment. Here are some tips and steps you can take to start a loan modification business within few days.

First decide a name of your loan mod company. If you already have a business then you can use the same name. Go to your city county office for occupational licenses and permit. Fill out necessary forms. Pay registration fee.

Get a new phone line under your loan modification company name or use home phone number. Get a fax or sign up with a online fax service which will only cost you around ten dollar per month.

Open a business bank account with your local bank.

Next Step is to get all the knowledge you can about home loan modification.

Next step is to spread the word about your new service. Tell all your friends, family members and neighbors of your new mortgage modification service.

Beside these steps there are few other things you will have to learn. For example how to know if the client will qualify for mortgage modification? What are the lenders loan modification guidelines? How much fee should I charge my client? How can I accept upfront fee? What types of forms are required to submit to the lender?

After learning most of the above information you should be able to start up your own loan modification business without have any obstacle come on your way. Before you get started in the mortgage restructure business, you need to research all of the different aspects of the industry, just to be sure you understand what you’re getting into.

Getting Legal Help for Mortgage Modification

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Apart from losing your property, a foreclosure may also mean a negative impact on your credit score. How do you prevent this from happening? Sometimes, financial problems may lead to failure in mortgage payments that inadvertently lead to foreclosure. In such a situation, a mortgage modification may be an effective solution.

How do you approach this? It is necessary to get advice from a real estate attorney to handle it properly. He/she would have in-depth knowledge of the Illinois laws relevant to the matter. The following tips could help if you are trying to get a modification to the mortgage plan.

Plan every detail. Initially, this was available for homeowners in default, for a period of 90 days. However, nowadays, this is not a requirement. If your financial situation seems grim, it is better to plan even before you actually default on your loan. This gives you enough time to prepare for it.

Get legal advice. Consulting a real estate attorney in Chicago can be of immense help. A legal professional specializing in loan modification may help you with the planning and negotiation. Moreover, he/she could also help you find out the actual lender, whom you have to negotiate with to avoid foreclosure.

Gather all relevant documents. You would need to provide your lender adequate details pertaining to your financial situation, especially the income and expense details. Therefore, you need to gather documents like your pay-stubs, income tax return, savings and other assets, second mortgage or other credit and so on.

Prepare the hardship letter. This helps the lender understand the reason you got into the financial mess. Explain the details of your situation, and the reasons for it, in simple and lucid terms. Do not exaggerate or fabricate. Do not write a very long letter (no lender would have the patience of going through a five page letter).

Negotiate with patience. You can do it on your own if you have enough knowledge and experience. Get your attorney for help if you are not very confident. Do not settle for an amount that you would be unable to pay. Negotiate with the lender in the presence of your attorney. Still better, let the attorney do it on your behalf.

Finally, do not opt for an attorney who asks for upfront fees. You may be in for a shock as many such services are fraudulent. Choose a reputed and reliable legal advisor to prevent the foreclosure.

If you have come across any legal issues and do not know what to do and whom to ask, exploit this Houston Lawyer Directory to hire a professional lawyer to deal with your case.

Loan Modification Alert Countrywide tightens Loan Modification

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Home Loan Modification allows defaulting borrowers to work out new terms with Countrywide, so that they can avoid foreclosure and stay on track. Countrywide began offering the service through their Home Retention Department at the height of last year’s real estate bubble. However, due to the volume of requests coming in, many cases were delayed and resulted in foreclosure. The company hit an all-time low in 2008 and was recently bought out by the Bank of America.

In line with the change, the Loan Modification Department of the Law Offices of Marc R. Tow is also taking measures to protect its clients. The firm, one of the leading loan modification services in the country, will only negotiate modifications with Countrywide for clients with viable cases and those who are in serious financial trouble. Changes are also expected in national Loan Modification policies. While loan modification is still open to borrowers not in default, new laws may soon limit the service only to those in bankruptcy or serious delinquency. This will allow lenders and loan modification companies to focus their attention to clients who are most in need. The firm will continue to help clients with loans serviced by other companies. Besides loan modification, the Law Offices of Marc R. Tow also offers assistance with loss mitigation alternatives such as short sales.”>Homeowners hoping to get a loan modification with Countrywide may want to rethink their options. Countrywide Financial, best known for excessive lending practices that led to widespread defaults, now has so much bad debt on its books that it may have to tighten up its loan modification service.

Home Loan Modification allows defaulting borrowers to work out new terms with Countrywide, so that they can avoid foreclosure and stay on track. Countrywide began offering the service through their Home Retention Department at the height of last year’s real estate bubble. However, due to the volume of requests coming in, many cases were delayed and resulted in foreclosure. The company hit an all-time low in 2008 and was recently bought out by the Bank of America.

In line with the change, the Loan Modification Department of the Law Offices of Marc R. Tow is also taking measures to protect its clients. The firm, one of the leading loan modification services in the country, will only negotiate modifications with Countrywide for clients with viable cases and those who are in serious financial trouble. Changes are also expected in national Loan Modification policies. While loan modification is still open to borrowers not in default, new laws may soon limit the service only to those in bankruptcy or serious delinquency. This will allow lenders and loan modification companies to focus their attention to clients who are most in need. The firm will continue to help clients with loans serviced by other companies. Besides loan modification, the Law Offices of Marc R. Tow also offers assistance with loss mitigation alternatives such as short sales.

Climate Modification and Volcanoes

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Climate modification is a multi-faceted and complex subject. In this article, we take a look at the relationship between climate modification and volcanoes.

Climate Modification and Volcanoes

The climate modification debate is a nasty one. Parties pick their positions, dig in and refuse to listen to the rants of the other side. Lost in the yelling is the simple fact that climate modification is a natural phenomenon to some extent. For proof, we need merely look at the materials kicked out by volcanoes.

It is an undeniable fact of the earth record that volcanoes have changed the climate during certain periods. Small explosions don’t have much impact, but large explosions send massive amounts of material and gases into the atmosphere. The gases include carbon dioxide, the ultimate bugaboo greenhouse gas. Beyond these gases, however, volcanoes can kick out so much debris and ash that the material in the atmosphere can actually block out the sun or reduce the warming effect.

Mount St. Helens is the most studied and well known recent eruption. Unless you have been meditating in a cave for the last 20 years, you know that the volcano exploded on May 18, 1980. The eruption was powerful enough to flatten everything for 17 miles, immediately turning 10 million trees into so much firewood. The huge volcanic ash cloud stretched halfway across the United States, but barely had an impact on global temperatures.

In contrast, the eruption of the El Chichon volcano in 1982 had a measurable climate impact. El Chichon is located in Mexico and was a much smaller eruption than Mount St. Helens. Still, the average temperature around the globe cooled by one degree. What scientist learned is the climate modification impact of volcanoes is highly dependent on the type of explosion. The materials from Mount St. Helens fell out of the atmosphere quickly, while El Chichon belched enormous amounts of sulfur that remained in the atmosphere for much longer.

One of the problems with climate modification is it occurs over a relatively long period of time. Since we started paying attention to the situation, we have not had a chance to see the impact of a major eruption. The stuff we see on television is really small potatoes compared to historically eruptions of note. For example, Mount St. Helens threw roughly a half a cubic mile of material into the air. In 1815, a volcano in Indonesia belched 24 cubic miles of material into the atmosphere. Obviously, one has to imagine it impacted the climate of the earth.

Is there a relationship between climate modification and volcanoes? Undoubtedly. From what we see, however, the relationship is generally of a short duration and not an explanation for the rising temperatures we are seeing currently.

Rick Chapo is with SolarCompanies.com, a directory of solar energy companies. Visit us to read more articles on solar power and global warming and volcanoes.